Associate Professor at the Institute of Security and Global Affairs at Leiden University in The Hague.

I am the Scientific Coordinator of the EU-funded H2020 RIA Drive project; a 36-month project exploring how social exclusion impacts on the radicalisation of far right and Islamist groups in the Netherlands, Denmark, Norway and the United Kingdom. The Drive consortium is led by Leiden University in partnership with Aarhus University, Umeå University, University of Cambridge, University of Liverpool, University of Oslo, ConnectFutures in the UK and Fryshuset in Sweden. The project runs from 1 January 2021 to 31 December 2023.

I have held a variety of academic roles, namely in Birmingham, Istanbul and currently in The Hague, includng visiting scholar or visiting professor positions in New York City, Oxford, London, Istanbul, Jerusalem, Islamabad and Jakarta. Recent publications include an analysis of Dutch Muslim perceptions on official de-radicalisaton policy (with L Welten), published in Critical Studies on Terrorism in February 2021;  a study on Dutch Muslim perspectives on salafism, published by the ICCT Journal in April 2021; a critical analysis of the UK CVE ‘Prevent’ policy, published in Critical Social Policy in August 2019; and the co-edited collection, Political Muslims: Understanding Youth Resistance in a Global Context (with S Hamid), published by Syracuse University Press in February 2019.

My 2019 book, Islamophobia and Radicalisation: A Vicious Cycle, published by Hurst in London and co-published by Oxford University Press in New York, has been reviewed in Ethnic and Racial StudiesJournal of Intercultural StudiesPostcolonial Studies, and The Times Literary Supplement.

My recent book critically appraising the Countering Violent Extremism paradigm in a global context was published in May 2021.

Read reviews of my books here.


2001, PhD in Ethnic Relations, University of Warwick, UK

1994, Master of Social Science in Economic Development and Policy, University of Birmingham, UK

1993, BSc(Econ) in Economics with Mathematical Studies, Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London, UK

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