I am currently an Assistant Professor at the Institute of Security and Global Affairs at Leiden University in The Hague. I am also a Visiting Senior Fellow at the Department of Government at The London School of Economics and Political Science. Previously, I was a Professor of Sociology at Fatih University in Istanbul and a Reader in Sociology at the University of Birmingham.

Ever since my undergraduate education in London, I have been concerned with the challenges of late capitalism and its implications for economy and society. My first research project focused on the impact of economic development policy on inner-city ethnic minority communities. I then researched the role of ethnicity, religion, gender, social class and school effect in relation to the education of British South Asians for my doctorate, which was immediately followed by a research fellowship exploring ethnic entrepreneurship in an inner city context, both in the city of Birmingham, UK.

After the events of 9/11 in the USA and 7/7 in the UK, my attention concentrated on extremism, radicalisation and political violence. Since then, I have carried out original research on Islamist radicalisation in the UK and Kurdish-Turkish ethno-politics and violence in Turkey. My current sociological research interests on forms of reciprocal radicalisation in Western Europe intersect with (critical) terrorism studies, security studies as well as wider topics relating to the study of economy and society across the global north.

With over two decades of working life as a social researcher and university professor, having lived and worked in the cities of Birmingham, Istanbul and presently in The Hague, combined with my visiting academic positions in New York, Oxford, London, Jerusalem, Islamabad and Jakarta, the study of economy, ethnicity, religion and politics is the continuum threading my work. During this period, I have also served on the editorial boards of Sociology (Sage) and Sociology of Islam (Brill). I currently sit on the editorial board of Bandung: Journal of the Global South (Brill) and I am an associate editor of Critical Muslim (Hurst and Oxford University Press in Delhi).

My new book, Islamophobia and Radicalisation: A Vicious Cycle, was published by Hurst and distributed by Oxford University Press in the USA on 26 September. Other recent publications include an analysis of ‘Prevent’ policy as the British manifestation of the countering violent extremism paradigm currently dominating counter-extremism policy thinking, published Critical Social Policy in August 2019. My co-edited collection, Political Muslims: Understanding Youth Resistance in a Global Context (with Sadek Hamid) was published by Syracuse University Press in February 2019. My editorial for the special issue, Educating British Muslims: identity, religion and politics in a neoliberal era, was published by the British Journal of Sociology of Education in February 2018. My forthcoming book critically interprets the countering violent extremism policy paradigm in a global context, published by IB Tauris in 2020. 

Reviews of my books can be found here.


2001, PhD in Ethnic Relations, University of Warwick, UK

1994, Master of Social Science in Economic Development and Policy, University of Birmingham, UK

1993, BSc(Econ) in Economics with Mathematical Studies, Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London, UK

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