I am currently an Assistant Professor at the Institute of Security and Global Affairs at Leiden University in The Hague. Previously, I was a Senior Research Fellow at the Royal United Services Institute in London, Professor of Sociology at Fatih University in Istanbul (now part of Istanbul University) and a Reader (Associate Professor) in Sociology at the University of Birmingham. My current research is on reciprocal radicalisation in North West Europe and on questions relating to inter-generational transmission of reigio-cultural norms and values among European Muslim minorities.

My latest book, Islamophobia and Radicalisation: A Vicious Cycle, was published by Hurst in London and Oxford University Press in New York in late 2019. Other recent publications include an analysis of perceptions in relation to Dutch Muslim women returnees from the Islamic State (with A Kanhai), a sociological perspective on far right and Islamist reciprical radicalisation in Europe published as an ICCT Policy Brief in January 2020, a critical analysis of the UK CVE ‘Prevent’ policy  published by Critical Social Policy in August 2019 and the co-edited collection, Political Muslims: Understanding Youth Resistance in a Global Context (with S Hamid) published by Syracuse University Press in February 2019.

I have published in criminology, education, ethnic studies, Islamic studies, philosophy, small business, research methods, sociology and terrorism studies journals. Some of my essays have been published in Spanish and German, and some of my articles and books have been translated into Turkish and Urdu.

My forthcoming book critically appraises the countering violent extremism paradigm in a global context and it is published by Bloomsbury Academic in April 2021.

Reviews of my books.


2001, PhD in Ethnic Relations, University of Warwick, UK

1994, Master of Social Science in Economic Development and Policy, University of Birmingham, UK

1993, BSc(Econ) in Economics with Mathematical Studies, Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London, UK

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